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Casts

The Kangapoda Ergonomic Canopy is expansive enough where feet, ankles, and legs that are healing in casts or immobilization boots can lie comfortably underneath the covers. 

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The foot is an evolutionary marvel, capable of handling hundreds of tons of force — your weight in motion — every single day. The foot’s myriad parts, including the toes, heel, and ball, work in harmony to get you from one place to another. But the stress of carrying you around puts your feet at high risk of injury, more so than other parts of your body.

The human foot has 42 muscles, 26 bones, 33 joints, and at least 50 ligaments and tendons made of strong fibrous tissues to keep all the moving parts together … plus 250,000 sweat glands.

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Injuries to Tibia and Fibula 

Lower leg fractures include fractures of the tibia and fibula. The tibia is the larger of the two bones. It supports most of  your weight and is an important part of both the knee joint and ankle joint. However, fractures of the tibia generally also involve fibula fracture, because the force is transmitted along the interosseous membrane to the fibula. Causes include direct forces such as those caused by falls and motor vehicle accidents and indirect or twisting / rotational forces such as a fall while skiing or running into another player during soccer.

One proven nonsurgical treatment method is to immobilize the fracture in a cast for initial healing. After weeks in the cast, it can be replaced with a functional brace made of plastic and fasteners. The brace will provide protection and support until healing is complete. The brace allows you to take it off for hygiene issues and for physical therapy.

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Intramedullary nailing. The current most popular form of surgical treatment for tibial fractures is intramedullary nailing. During this procedure, a specially designed metal rod is inserted from the front of the knee down into the marrow canal of the tibia. The rod passes across the fracture to keep it in position.

Plates and screws. Tibial shaft fractures were once routinely treated with plate and screw constructs. These tools are reserved for fractures in which intramedullary nailing may not be possible or optimal, such as certain fractures that extend into either the knee or ankle joints. During this type of procedure, the bone fragments are first repositioned  (reduced) into their normal alignment. They are held together with special screws and metal plates attached to the outer surface of the bone.

Fracture pain usually stops long before the bone is solid enough to handle the stresses of everyday activities. If the bone is not healed and you put weight on it too soon, it could fail to heal. If that occurs, you may need a secondary surgical procedure, such as bone grafting or revision fixation.

How long it takes to return to daily activities varies with different types of fractures. Some tibial shaft fractures heal within 4 months; yet many may take 6 months or longer to heal. Kangapoda can make this significant healing period so much more comfortable and civil by allowing you to lie underneath the covers on your back without having to completely tear out the covers.

 

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Ankle Injuries

Ankle injuries are defined by the kind of tissue—bone, ligament, or tendon—that’s damaged. The ankle is where three bones meet—the tibia and fibula of your lower leg with the talus of your foot. These bones are held together at the ankle joint by ligaments, which are strong elastic bands of connective tissue that keep the bones in place while allowing normal ankle motion. Tendons attach muscles to the bones to enable the ankle and foot move and keep the joints stable.

An ankle injury occurs when the ankle joint is twisted too far out of its normal position. Most ankle injuries occur either during sports activities or while walking on an uneven surface that forces the foot and ankle into an unnatural position. The unnatural position of the ankle in high-heeled shoes or walking in unstable, loose-fitting clogs or sandals is also a factor that may contribute to ankle injuries.


An ankle fracture describes a break in one or more of the bones. An ankle sprain is the term that describes damage to ligaments when they are stretched beyond their normal range of motion. A ligament sprain can range from many microscopic tears in the fibers that comprise the ligament to a complete tear or rupture.

Fractures can be treated either surgically or non-surgically. The doctor may treat the break without surgery by immobilizing the ankle if only one bone is broken, and so long as the bones are not out of place and the ankle is stable. Typically, the doctor will do this by putting on a brace that works as a splint or by putting on a cast. If the ankle is unstable, the fracture will be treated surgically. Often, the ankle is made stable by using a metal plate and screws to hold the bones in place. Following the surgery, the ankle is protected with a splint until the swelling goes down and then with a cast.

It usually takes at least six weeks for the bones to heal. Your doctor will probably ask you to keep weight off the ankle during this 6-week period for the bones to heal in the proper alignment. Ligaments and tendons can take even longer to heal after a fracture is fully mended. It can take as long as two years to completely recover full pain-free motion and strength after an ankle fracture, although most people are able to resume their normal daily routine within three to four months.

Ankle fractures can take a long time to heal and are required to be held at a natural right angle in casts and immobilization boots. If you are unfortunately healing from an ankle injury, get a Kangapoda. Your cast or immobilization boot will fit in the ergonomic canopy. And even when you are all healed, you will so appreciate having room for your feet to rest naturally.

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The Metatarsals Hold You Up & Propel You
Functionally, the ankle and foot have two principle functions: propulsion and support. The Metatarsal bones play a major role in these functions. For propulsion, they act like rigid levers and for support they act like flexible structures that aid balance and hold up the entire body.

Metatarsal fractures are the most common traumatic foot injuries. There are five metatarsal bones in each foot. They are the relatively long bones which are located between the 'Tarsal' bones of the hind-foot (the tarsal bones are 7 in number: calcaneus, talus, cuboid, navicular, and the medial, middle, and lateral cuneiforms) and the 'Phalanges' bones that form the toes. Metatarsal fractures occur in all professional sports although they occur most often in professional soccer.

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Fractures to the Metatarsal bones can be caused by direct trauma, excessive rotational forces, or overuse. During soccer, direct trauma is usually caused by a player accidentally kicking the sole of an opponent's shoe, or by an opponent stepping on a player's foot. As there is very little soft tissue to protect the top of the foot, bone injuries are common. Fractures can also occur due to sudden twisting, as when a ballet dancer lands awkwardly on a jump or from progressive overuse and stress like what is common among army recruits (e.g., ‘march’ fractures).

Metatarsal fractures typically take from eight (8) to twelve (12) weeks for the bone fracture to fully heal, with a gradual return to normal activity within four months. If you are unfortunately healing from a metatarsal fracture, get a Kangapoda. Your cast or immobilization boot will fit in the ergonomic canopy. And even when you are all healed, you will so appreciate having room for your feet to rest naturally.

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Toes are important

Our toes provide balance and support when we walk, as they maintain contact with the ground approximately 75% of the time during a stride. Of all your toes, the big toes are the most important. They play the most critical role in maintaining your balance. They also bear the most weight when standing.  The front section of the foot has five toes (phalanges), which are connected to the five longer metatarsal bones. There are many health conditions that can affect the toes, including skin, bone, soft tissue and circulatory problems.

In older people, toe pain most often comes from corns, calluses, and toe deformities, of which 75% are bunions.  As much as one third of older people have a bunion or painful calluses. About 15% have corns on their toes.

Bunions are bony growths or misaligned bone at the base of the big toe or sometimes on the small toe. Eventually, the big toe may bend abnormally toward the other toes. There are many different types of bunion surgery, depending on the severity of the bunion and the joint involvement. In fact, there are over 100 different surgeries for bunions.  This surgery generally involves an incision in the top or side of the big toe joint and the removal or realignment of soft tissue and bone. This is done to relieve pain and restore normal alignment to the joint. Small wires, screws, or plates may be used to hold the bones in place.

Hammer toe refers totoe joints (usually the second toe but all the middle toes may be affected) that curl up or under, either rigidly or with some flexibility, often resulting in a permanently dislocated joint.  If surgery is necessary, the actual procedure will depend on the type and extent of the deformity. It may involve removing a portion of the toe bone to realign the toe or could involve fusing the toe joint.  Implants may also be utilized to help maintain the realignment of the toe.

Painful Toes do not want to feel the pressure of a plain flat top sheet.  But untucking the covers creates a messy, less-comfortable bed that, not surprisingly, leads to a less good night’s sleep.  Kangapoda allows your feet to naturally lie and relax at a right angle under the covers without irritating and debilitating pressure on your toes.

 

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